Palma is the major city and seaport geographically located in the southwest of Majorca. The city lies on the large coastal Bay of Palma in the western Mediterranean Sea. The land area of the city is about 21,355 km² with an altitude of 13 metres.
Palma is bordered by rocky inlets and marinas on the south side, whilst many of the tourist resorts are positioned towards the east side of the city. The central zone that extends from Palma is generally a flat fertile plain known as Es Pla. There are two uninhabited islands, Cabera , which is located southeast of Palma and Dragonera which is west of Palma.
Geographical Coordinates: 39° 34′ 9.12″ N, 2° 38′ 59.28″ E
The climate in Palma is typically Mediterranean. It has warm average temperatures and seasonal rains. In the summer it is hot and dry. The average annual temperature is between 16°C and 18°C. In the summer, the maximum average is between 29°C and 31°C. Sometimes it can get up to 41°C in during the summer months. The minimum average winter temperature (at night is between 5 and 9°C and sometimes it fall to -6°C during the winter months. Mallorca’s annual rainfall varies. The rainfall on the island is very irregular. In the south it is around 350mm and in the high areas, the average is 1,500mm. The rainiest months are between September and November.
Almost half of Majorca’s population live in Palma and it is ranked as Spain’s 12th largest metropolitan area. With a population of 413,781 (2008 census), Palma city has one of the most multi-cultured societies in Spain. The Majorcan’s come from a very diverse backgrounds, descending from a mix of Arabic, Spanish and Carthaginians. The rest of the population come from all over Spain and Europe, as well as a significant amount of people from Africa and South America. Many people choose to live in Palma city for the wide range of work opportunities.